Total Shoulder Arthroplasty

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Evolution of Total Shoulder Arthroplasty

The modern era of shoulder replacement began in the 1950s, but was the techniques and implants we most commonly see today were developed in the 1980s. Total shoulder replacement (also referred to as “arthroplasty”) involves removing the arthritic portions of the shoulder joint. Once they are removed, metal implants are placed within the humerus and glenoid.

These implants may secured in place with cement. There is a polyethylene component placed between the humeral head and the glenoid, or the glenoid component may be entirely made of polyethylene. After surgery, patients can begin a physical therapy program aimed at rebuilding strength and improving range of motion.

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