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Thyroid Eye Disease Treatments

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Evolution of Thyroid Eye Disease Treatments

This rare complication of thyroid disease has few treatment options.  Intravenous steroids are given to reduce the inflammation and pain but the anatomical changes are primarily corrected surgically.  There are three primary types of surgery performed to treat exophthalmos and its associated complications.  The surgeon can either remove a small section of bone and fat from within the orbit during orbital decompression surgery.  This allows for better positioning of the eyeball within the bony orbit of the skull as it frees up space and the eye is no longer competing with surrounding overgrown muscles and tissues.  In exophthalmos since the eye bulges beyond the eyelid, surgery can be performed to reposition the eyelid in an effort to have it close over the eye.  Finally, if the eye protrudes to a degree that causes double vision the surgeon can perform extraocular muscle repositioning. Numbness, post-operative swelling, nerve damage, and bruising are some complications of thyroid eye disease surgeries.

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