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Robotic Bariatric Surgery

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Evolution of Robotic Bariatric Surgery

Robotic Surgery was first introduced in 1985 when a robotic surgical arm was used in a neurosurgical biopsy. Shortly thereafter, in 1987, the first robotic gallbladder surgery was performed. Over the next three years, the robot’s umbrella expanded to include other operations and with different competing robotic systems.

In 1990 the FDA approved the first robotic endoscopic procedure, and in 2000 the first robot was FDA approved for laparoscopic surgery. Since its expansion, the robot has changed with regard to the number of arms, precisions of arm movements, docking ability, and picture quality including three dimensional screens.

In terms of bariatric surgery, the robot was first used in 1998 to place a gastric band. Since the advent, its use has expanded to all forms of bariatric surgery including sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass, and duodenal switches. Studies have even demonstrated efficacy of robotic revisions bariatric surgery. Robotic assisted bariatric surgery is performed under general anesthesia and usually requires overnight observation in the hospital with discharge the follow day.

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