Gastric Bands

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Evolution of Gastric Bands

Gastric banding was first introduced in 1978 as a treatment option for morbid obesity. In the 1980’s the concept was improved by making the band adjustable to allow for variability of the amount of gastric reduction. Later in the 1990’s, the first laparoscopic adjustable gastric band was introduced. Conventionally, laparoscopic gastric banding uses a minimally invasive technique to place an adjustable band a couple of centimeters below where the esophagus and stomach meet. Since there is no bypass of anatomical structures, the gastric band works by reducing gastric volume without altering the anatomy—thus avoiding malabsorption—and can be removed if desired.

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