Frey syndrome, also knowing gustatory sweating, is classically described in patients after parotidectomy surgery. It occurs as a result...
Botox Chemical Denervation
Evolution of Botox Chemical Denervation
Botox, aka Onabotulinumtoxin A, is an example of a chemical compound used in selective denervation. It is isolated from the naturally occurring neurotoxin Clostridium botulinum. The mechanism of its action is via prevention of the release of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine at the presynaptic nerve terminal. In this way it effectively blocks neurotransmission from nerve to muscle or gland. This state can last for months, until certain components of the nerve are able to regenerate and again release acetylcholine at the presynaptic terminal.
Since Frey syndrome (gustatory sweating) includes aberrant reinnervation of superficial sweat glands with parasympathetic nerves of the parotid gland, selectively rendering these nerves inoperable will decrease the ill effects of this disorder. Botox is used to carry out this action by injecting specific amounts into the area surrounding the parotid gland in the cheek, or where the parotid gland used to be. The aberrant parasympathetic nerves that innervate the superficial sweat gland will therefore be unable to neurotrasmit, and the superficial sweat glands should no longer be stimulated by foods or flavors.