Total Knee Arthroplasty

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Evolution of Total Knee Arthroplasty

Total knee arthroplasty also known as a knee replacement is very common procedure performed by orthopedic surgeons worldwide. The goal of a total knee replacement is to restore function and alleviate pain when nonoperative treatments have been unsuccessful. Surgery involves removing portions of the femur (thigh bone), tibia (shin), and patella (kneecap) and placing appropriately sized components to restore the knee joint. Usually there is a single incision made along the anterior aspect of the knee. The procedure can take approximately 1 – 2 hours and patients commonly are able to weight bear on the extremity the day of surgery. Recent technological advancements have allowed incorporation of robotic feedback in the operating room to assist surgeons in implant placement.

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