Joint replacement of the hand has continuously advanced as better implant materials have been developed. Metal hinge joints were...
Evolution of Joint Replacement
Joint fusion was the mainstay of treatment for hand arthritis for many years. In the early 1900s, however, surgeons started perform surgery to place tissue between the bone ends to prevent direct contact within the arthritic joint. This resulted in pain relief with preservation of joint motion with modest success.
More recently joint replacement has been developed. Joint replacement is the process of removing the diseased and damaged bone ends around a joint and replacing them with artificial prosthetics that can move. The keys to successful joint replacement include preserving motion and stability to the joint.