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Hip Replacement Surgery

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Evolution of Hip Replacement Surgery

Hip replacement surgery is a surgical procedure designed to remove diseased bone and cartilage of the hip joint that is damaged and no longer healthy, and replace it with metal and plastic components. There are many various approaches to the hip joint, including the most commonly performed posterior approach, the increasingly popular anterior appraoch as well as the lateral approach. Each of these also have variations that allow the surgeon to comfortably and efficiently perform the operation.

All standard hip approaches have been shown to be relatively equal with regards to post-operative function and stability of the hip although there are some advantages and disadvantages to each technique. Typically, the decision for how the procedure will be performed is left to the surgeon and his or her comfort with the various techniques. Hip replacement surgery can be performed either under general or spinal anesthetic and the surgery generally takes one to two hours to perform.

Post-operatively patients can walk on their new hip the same day, barring any complications with the surgery and are generally discharged from the hospital within 24-48 hours post-operatively. Outpatient surgery, or same day surgery, for total hip replacement is also becoming very common and increasing in popularity as the techniques and anesthesia improve.

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