Osteochondral grafting is a common method for treating injuries of the cartilage that expose the underlying bone (called osteochondral...
Evolution of Cartilage Transfer
In children and young adolescents, the majority of OCD lesion can be treated without surgery, especially when the body is still growing. A period of rest and avoiding vigorous activities usually results in notable pain relief and improved swelling. If symptoms don’t improve after a period of rest and activity modification, then surgery may be an option. Other reasons for which surgery may be recommended is if the lesion has separated from the surrounding bone, or if the lesion is large. There are a few different surgical options. These include drilling into the lesion, which creates healthy bleeding and areas for new blood vessels to supply the affected areas, which ultimately encourages healing of the surrounding bone. Some lesions can be held in place with either pins or screws. Lastly, if the defect is severe enough, an option is to replace the damaged area with a new piece of bone and cartilage – also known as a graft.