Evolution of Technology

Minimally-invasive Bunion Surgery

Minimally-invasive bunion surgery arose in an attempt to make surgery less painful for patients, while still correcting the alignment problems in the foot. By using a smaller incision (one or several tiny poke-holes) and leaving more of the soft tissues intact, minimally-invasive surgery is thought to create less scar tissue during the healing process. Less disruption of the surrounding soft tissue is also attractive because the small blood vessels, which help deliver oxygenated blood for healing, travel through this tissue to reach the bones. Finally, minimally-invasive surgery by definition involves a much smaller incision, which can be nice on the foot, as larger scars can be irritated by sock seams and by wearing certain shoes.

Evolution of Procedure

Bunion Surgery

Treatment of bunion deformity can be as simple as shoe wear modification, or as involved as foot surgery to break and realign the bones of the foot and fix them in place with hardware. The goal of treating a bunion is to improve the alignment of the great toe joint, reduce or eliminate the bump on the inner border, and improve other related toe problems, all in an effort to relieve foot pain. Because the foot is dependent to gravity, post-operative swelling and pain are sometimes challenging for patients to manage.

Evolution of Diagnosis

Bunion Deformity of Foot

Bunion deformity is the term for a bump that forms on the inner border of the large joint in the great toe. Along with the bump, the great toe angles toward the outside of the foot. Bunions can sometimes just be a change in the appearance of the foot, but can sometimes cause pain, often as the bump becomes prominent and rubs against shoes. Additionally, the changes in the alignment of the great toe can lead to other foot issues, including problems with the second toe.